According to 2011 Census out of the total population of 27,23,988 in Tiriunelvei
District, the Adi Dravidars is only 4,81,052 and that of Tribal is 8,358. which
is much lower, compared Tamil Nadu, About 70% of the Adi Dravidars and 85% of the
Tribals are living in the rural areas. In the whole country, Tamil Nadu stands in
the 4th place among the States having the highest percentage of Adi Dravidars population.
The majority of the Adi Dravidars / Tribal population are economically backward
and socially marginalised. Most of the families lack resources and their access
to education, e995mployment and other income-earning opportunities are limited.
The Directorate of Adi Dravidar Welfare, with the support of Government of India
and the State Government implement various welfare schemes for the benefit of Adi
Dravidars. Whereas the Directorate of Tribal Welfare is looking after the schemes
to be implemented for the benefit of Tribal people in the State.
18 Adi Dravidar Welfare schools, and 3 Tribal Welfare schools residential schools
are run by this department (as indicated in the Statement I(A), I(B)). Most of these
schools are functioning predominantly in and near the Adi Dravidar and Tribal habitations.
Under this scheme the Adi Dravidar / Scheduled Tribes / Scheduled Caste Christian
Students studying in 5th Std in Adi Dravidar Welfare / GTR / Government Schools
and Aided Schools have to be selected in the order of merit from each block. The
process of selecting the bright students from all the 19 blocks and admitting them
in the reputed schools have been completed for the year 2012-13.
Applicable to all Girl students studying in Government and Government aided Schools
from 3rd III to V Rs. 500/- per annum and for VI Std Rs. 1000/- per annum.
Bicycles are supplied free of cost to Adi dravidar-Tribal-Adi Dravidar converted
to Christianity Girls & Boys studying in STd XI & XII in Government / Government
Aided Schools and partly Government aided schools, where +1 & +2 are conducted under
self finance basis.
Special attention to the X and XII Std students to get good marks in Public Examination
and also provided Special guide and Question Bank.
2011-12, special guides were printed and distributed to students studying in the schools and hostels of this Department. Apart from this, the Question Bank Books published by the Parent Teachers Association were also purchased and distributed to the students.
There are 70 hostels for Adi Dravidar with a total strength of 3995 boarders functioning
under this Department in the State. The District Collectors have been authorized
to admit students in hostels 10% over and above the sanctioned strength. The boarders
of the hostels are provided with boarding and lodging at free of cost. All boarders
in school hostels are supplied with uniforms at free of cost.
The Medical officers of the Government Hospitals and Primary Health Centers have
to visit ADW hostels every month for medical check up of the boarders. The scheme
is implemented by the Director of Medical and Rural Health Services and Director
of Public Health and Preventive Medicines.
The Adi Dravidar / Tribal / Adi Dravidar converted to Christianity students studying
in standard 6th to 10th are exempted from the payment of special fees. The expenditure
incurred by Adi Dravidar and Tribal Welfare Schools on account of the exemption
granted are reimbursed by this Department to the institutions through the DADWOs.
The award of prematric scholarship to the children of those engaged in unclean occupation
(scavenging of tanning, flaying and sweepers) irrespective of income, community
and religion are being covered under this programme. The Government of India bears
100% of the total expenditure over and above the committed level.
Besides this, a lump sum adhoc grant of Rs.750/- p.a. for Day scholar and Rs.1000/-
p.a. for hostellers is paid to all the students.
Both residential and Non - residential scholarships are awarded to the students
belonging to Adi Dravidar and Tribal communities (excluding Adi Dravidar Converts
to Christianity) who continue their studies beyond Standard X. The annual income
limit of the parent/guardian for sanctioning Government of India scholarship for
Scheduled Castes students should not exceed Rs.2,00,000/-p.a. Under this scheme,
the students are sanctioned maintenance allowance and all fees compulsorily payable
by them to the educational institutions and examination fees payable to the University
/ Board. The monthly rate of maintenance allowance ranges from Rs.230/-p.m. to Rs.550/-p.m.
for day-scholar and from Rs.380/-p.m. to Rs.1200/-p.m. for hosteller. As per G.O.Ms.No.6,
Adi Dravidar & Tribal Welfare Department, (ADW.3) Dated. 09.01.2012, Government
of India Post-metric Scholarship has been extended to the Adi Dravidar / Tribal
students those who continue their studies in the self-finance institutions. They
are given the assistance depending upon the class in which they study in order to
meet the essential expenditure towards compulsory fees payable to the educational
As per G.O.Ms.No.6, Adi Dravidar & Tribal Welfare (ADW.3) Department, Dated. 09.01.2012,
Government of India Post metric Scholarship has been extended to the Adi Dravidar
/ Tribal students those who continue their studies in the self-finance Institutions
This scholarship is sanctioned to all Adi Dravidars converted to Christianity students
pursuing post metric course and whose parents’ annual income does not exceed Rs.1,00,000/-.
Under this scheme, students are sanctioned maintenance allowance ranging from Rs.100/-p.m.
to Rs.175/- p.m. for days scholar and Rs. 175/- p.m. to Rs.350/- p.m. for hostellers
depending upon the class in which they study. The heads of educational institutions
are the sanctioning authorities in respect of all postmatric scholarships under
the Government of India scholarship regulations as well as the State Scholarships.
For the purpose of State Special Postmatric Scholarship, the Industrial Training
Institutes and other courses for which a pass in S.S.L.C. is not necessary for admission
are also treated as postmatric courses and therefore eligible for this scholarship.
The students belonging to Adi Dravidar, Tribal and Adi Dravidar converted to Christianity
and studying in Government / Government aided institutions are eligible for tuition
fee concession beyond +2 stage irrespective of the annual income of their parents/guardians.
The tuition fees foregone by the institutions on account of tuition fee concessions
is reimbursed through the Directorate of Collegiate Education.
Prizes are awarded for students at District/State level who secure the highest percentage
of marks in the X Standard and XII standard Public Examinations subject to the condition
that the student has taken Tamil as one of the subject and they are awarded as follows
A scheme of awarding prize money to the Adi Dravidar , Tribal and Adi Dravidar converted
to Christianity students who have passed with 60 percent and above marks in the
Degree, Post Graduate, Professional Course examinations is being implemented. The
prize money award ranging from Rs.2000/- to Rs.5000/- have been sanctioned to 550
Under this scheme two boys and two girls from each group viz. among the Adi Dravidar,
Adi Dravidar converted to Christianity and Tribal Boys and Girls who secure the
highest marks in X Standard examination in each district are selected and awarded
cash assistance to continue their higher studies. There is no income limit and no
condition to stay in the hostel for this scheme.
Annal Gandhi Memorial award is sanctioned to the Adi Dravidar Community (Hindu)
students who pursue their studies after passing Higher Secondary Public Examination.
One boy and one girl who secure the highest marks will be selected from each district
for this award.
One boy and one girl student belonging to the Scheduled Tribe and the I Dravidar
converted to Christianity in each district who secure first rank in +2 public examinations
To encourage high scorers in the Higher Secondary Public Examination first 1000
boys and 1000 girls belonging to Adi Dravidar, Tribal and Adi Dravidar converted
to Christianity who continue their further studies, are selected and a sum of Rs.1500/-
A sum of Rs. 50,000/- will be given as one time assistance start their profession
and to meet rent, cost of furniture books etc., while starting their practice
The Department of Adi Dravidar and Tribal Welfare has been distributing free house
site pattas to the poor houseless Adi Dravidar and Tribal families whose annual
income is less than Rs.40,000/- in the rural areas and Rs.60,000/- in the urban
areas. In the case of Corporations, one cent of land is distributed, while in Municipalities
one and a half cent and in other places (Rural areas) 3 cents of land is distributed
as free house site patta. Every year specific target is being fixed for this purpose
and the Special Tahsildars (Adi Dravidar Welfare) who are the Land Acquisition Officers
are acquiring land for implementing the scheme as per the provisions made in the
Tamil Nadu Act, 31 of 1978. The land is also acquired through private negotiations
by a committee headed by the District Collectors and the land so acquired by private
negotiation is distributed to eligible persons.
Supply of protected drinking water to Adi Dravidar and Tribal habitations is one
of the scheme given priority under infrastructure development. The maximum financial
limit for digging a well is at Rs. 75,000/-. Bore wells are being provided instead
of ordinary open wells. Pipe lines are extended if over head tanks are available
Burial grounds to Adi Dravidar habitations and pathways to burial grounds are undertaken
under this scheme. Funds are provided for acquiring and purchasing land for this
purpose. Panchayat Unions are also providing basic amenities to Adi Dravidar habitations
from their funds. For this purpose 15% for drinking water facilities and 10% for
link roads are given as share (contribution) of this Department.
Community Halls are constructed in a phased manner from 1971-72 onwards in Adi Dravidar
Colonies to cater to the need of Adi Dravidar for the purpose of conducting marriages
social functions, meetings etc.,
The Government have sanctioned a scheme for grant for financial assistance to Adi
Dravidar/ Tribal and Adi Dravidar converted to Christianity to meet the expenditure
connected with funeral rites on the death of a member of their family. These benefits
are distributed through the respective local bodies. A sum of Rs. 2500/- is given
as financial assistance.
The .P.C.R Act 1955 was enacted so as to vie legal authority to ensure justice and
equality among all sections of the Community. A sum of Rs. 5.00 lakes maximum is
awarded as compensation for the family who lost life in the riots
Under this scheme a sum of Rs.10.00 lakhs in sanctioned to each village in a district
(except village in a district (except Chennai) where untouchability is not followed
and people are living harmoniously